Russet potatoes have a snowy exterior and a dry interior and are a high-starch variety. Baked potatoes should be russet. However, their ability to absorb liquids can be used to make delicious mashed potatoes.
Where Did Russet Potatoes Originate?
Potatoes originated in the Peruvian Andes. Russet potatoes were developed due to a Vermont farmer’s attempt to cultivate a new variety. In 1872, a botanist in Massachusetts developed the russet potato from one of the farmer’s seeds.
Today, they are primarily grown in Idaho and are commonly referred to as Idaho potatoes.
What Are Russet Potatoes’ Nutritional Benefits And Nutritional Value?
Russet potatoes are a staple in almost every household, and they are also very inexpensive. These potatoes are widely available in supermarkets and can be used in various dishes. They are also high in nutrients, such as various vitamins and minerals.
The nutritional value of russet potatoes varies according to how they are cooked. However, leaving the skins on can increase the number of nutrients available. Russet potatoes contain the following vitamins and minerals:
- C vitamin
- B6 vitamin
The body does not completely absorb russet potatoes’ resistant starch. This is because the starch introduces beneficial bacteria into your digestive system once it reaches your large intestine—this aids in reducing insulin resistance and improving blood sugar levels.
Because Russet potatoes are naturally gluten-free, they may benefit people with celiac disease and gluten sensitivity. People suffering from stomach pains, constipation, or skin rashes should incorporate russet potatoes into their diet.
How Are Russet Potatoes Raised?
Growing russet potatoes can be time-consuming and take up to four months. They will not grow well in hot or cold temperatures, so they must be grown at neutral temperatures.
Russet potatoes require well-drained soil with high moisture retention. They require more water than usual because they develop hollow areas in their skin where flowering occurs. They need 6 to 7 hours of direct sunlight per day to grow.
Russet potato seeds are cut into small pieces with leafy “eyes” on the leaves. Before planting, they should be thoroughly dried—growers dust seeds with sulfur to reduce the risk of russet potato disease.
Russet potato seedlings are planted 3in deep and 1ft apart in rows. They can be grown in pots, raised beds, hills, or containers.
When the russet potatoes are ready to harvest, they will turn yellow. The russet potato plants must be cut down after four months so that the tubers can dry for several days before removal. Growers should use caution when removing russet potatoes from the ground. This will keep them safe from bruises and other injuries that could shorten their shelf life.
Russet potatoes should not be washed due to the risk of premature decay. Instead, it is advised to brush away the soil gently.
How To Keep Russet Potatoes Fresh
Russet potatoes should be stored in a cool, dark place, such as a basement, pantry, or cabinet. They can be stored for a maximum of five weeks. It all depends on how ripe the potatoes are and how they are stored.
How Can You Tell If A Russet Potato Is Bad?
When potatoes rot, they develop dark spots and blemishes. The russet potatoes’ firm exterior will become mushier, and the root vegetables will begin to stink.